에너지 전환에서의 ‘공정한 전환’에 관한 글로벌 담론의 동향

  • 2021.02.
  • 한빛나라
  • 동향과 전망
전 세계가 저탄소 에너지로의 전환에 속도를 내는 가운데 공정한 전환(Just Transitin)이 글로벌 기후 담론의 주요 의제로 떠올랐다. 본 논문은 공정한 전환이무엇인지를 살펴보고자 담론의 형성 배경과 발전 과정을 분석하고, 공정한 전환을둘러싼 다양한 해석을 담론 지형을 통해 탐색한다. 공정한 전환 담론은 처음 북미노동조합을 중심으로 환경 정책으로 인해 실직의 위험에 처한 노동자를 보호하기위해 제기되었으나, 기후 변화 대응 및 지속 가능 발전에 대한 사회적 요구가 증가하면서 환경, 산업, 여성, 정치 분야의 주요 사상과 접목하며 다양한 가치를 포괄하는 담론으로 발전했다. 공정한 전환은 이해관계자 그룹에 따라 다양하게 해석되는데, 노동단체는 노동자 보호와 참여에 주목하는 반면, 국제기구는 경제, 사회, 환경을 모두 포괄하는 통합적인 개념으로 이해한다. 연구 기관은 전문성에 따라 온실가스 감축 목표 달성과 지역 주도의 전환 계획 수립을 강조하고, 진보 시민단체는 사회 시스템의 변화를 통한 사회 불평등 해소를 주장한다. 공정한 전환에 대한 이러한 접근 방식은 새로운 비전의 제시 가능성과 포용성 정도에 따라 담론 지형으로분석해 볼 수 있으며, 특히 새로운 비전 제시 가능성에 따라 현상 유지적 접근, 관리 개혁적 접근, 구조 개혁적 접근, 변혁적 접근으로 구분된다. (더보기)

 

The geopolitics of the European Green Deal

  • 2021.02.02.
  • Mark Leonard et al.
  • Bruegel
The European Green Deal is a plan to decarbonise the EU economy by 2050, revolutionise the EU’s energy system, profoundly transform the economy and inspire efforts to combat climate change. But the plan will also have profound geopolitical repercussions. The Green Deal will affect geopolitics through its impact on the EU energy balance and global markets; on oil and gas-producing countries in the EU neighbourhood; on European energy security; and on global trade patterns, notably via the carbon border adjustment mechanism. At least some of these changes are likely to impact partner countries adversely. ... (더보기)

 

Engaging People on Climate Change: The Role of Emotional Responses

  • 2021.02.01.
  • Gabrielle Wong-Parodi & Irina Feygina
  • Environmental Communication
Overcoming climate change skepticism and disengagement is a pressing challenge. Evidence suggests that reactions to climate science and proposed solutions are strongly driven by emotion. This paper explores whether negative emotional responses to learning about climate impacts support recognition of the reality and risks of climate change, and whether narrative-based climate communication is an effective means of eliciting such emotions. In an experiment among U.S. residents, participants read narratives about climate change-related warming at the North Pole designed to elicit an emotional response. They reported on their emotional reactions; climate change attitudes, intentions, and behaviors; and demographics. We found that experiencing negative emotion increased acceptance of, concern about, and willingness to take action on climate change. Strong negative emotional response was particularly influential in changing climate attitudes for conservatives. A similar pattern of results was, surprisingly, observed for positive emotional response. Climate narratives were successful in eliciting negative and positive emotional responses, across both factual and emotion-laden narratives. These findings suggest that enhancing emotion through climate communication may be a promising tool for counteracting biased assimilation of controversial scientific information, and for engaging audiences who might otherwise dismiss or avoid the issue of climate change for group-identity or ideological reasons. (더보기)

 

The Global Risks Report 2021

  • 2021.01.19.
  • World Economic Forum
The 16th edition of the World Economic Forum’s Global Risks Report analyses the risks from societal fractures—manifested through persistent and emerging risks to human health, rising unemployment, widening digital divides, youth disillusionment, and geopolitical fragmentation. Businesses risk a disorderly shakeout which can exclude large cohorts of workers and companies from the markets of the future. Environmental degradation—still an existential threat to humanity—risks intersecting with societal fractures to bring about severe consequences. Yet, with the world more attuned to risk, lessons can be drawn to strengthen response and resilience. In 2020, the risk of a pandemic became reality. As governments, businesses, and societies grapple with COVID-19, societal cohesion is more important than ever. (더보기)

 

10 New Insights in Climate Science 2020

  • 2021.01.
  • Future Earth
Each year we consult researchers and carry out a horizon scan in fields related to climate change on what the latest findings and most important new emerging fields are. We summarize this in 10 important scientific insights, and the result has always been a rich and valuable scientific synthesis for policy and society at large, a testament to the ever-expanding and improving knowledge of our planetary climate systems and the interactions with the human world. ... (더보기)

 

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